or, find-out more about each species:
A slower establishing, deep rooted, drought tolerant, perennial grass species
which best suits high fertility and heavy or wetter soils. Best used in areas
which receive periodic summer moisture. Tall fescue tolerates acid and alkaline
soils and poor drainage. Tall fescue responds well to nitrogen. The seed is
best sown in warm soils and should not be mixed with ryegrass as it will not
ultimately compete and the fescue soon disappears.
Can be mixed with less competitive species such as upright cocksfoot cultivars,
timothy, fog, and brome species. Tall fescue cultivars sold in New Zealand do
not contain the tall fescue endophyte, but in wild tall fescue, endophyte may
be present and can be toxic to livestock. Graze frequently during spring to
prevent seed head build up and to thereby maintain quality. >>
A slower establishing, productive, drought tolerant, perennial grass species
which grows strongly in summer. Cocksfoot is best used in drier, moderate fertility
and free draining soils. Once established, Cocksfoot resists pasture pest attack.
Its forage quality is not as good as perennial ryegrass and the species requires
grazing to prevent excessive seed head development.
Best sown when soil temperatures are warm. Upright forms of Cocksfoot may be
mixed with perennial ryegrass and phalaris. Lower seeding rates of the prostrate
forms should be considered if used in mixes. >>
Timothy is a perennial grass which starts growth in mid spring, flowering
much later than most ryegrasses. It remains highly palatable even at the seed
head stage and makes high quality hay. It has low drought tolerance and is very
susceptible to Argentine stem weevil. A useful addition in the mix to dairy
pastures. Slow to establish. Will withstand heavy winter stock treading. >>
Brome grasses in New Zealand are represented by at least five diverse species.
All of these species have strong seed awns so use de-awned seed for easier drilling.