or, find-out more about each species:
White clover is the base legume of New Zealand's pastoral system - frequently
used in pasture mixes to fix nitrogen and to provide high quality forage. Best
used on moderate to highly fertile soils. Spreads predominantly by stolons and
by forming roots at the stolon nodes to form new plants. Regeneration by seed
under lax grazing also occurs. Lax infrequent grazing is recommended for the
large leaved types and close frequent grazing for the small leaved types.
White clover is susceptible to shading during development so do not let newly
sown pastures become too rank. If clover root weevil is a problem consider using
higher sowing rates and additionally add chicory and red clover to the mix.
Consider also mixing large leaved with medium leaved varieties in the mix, or
medium and small leaved varieties where this management is required. >>
A short-lived tap-rooted legume used in pasture mixes to provide high quality
summer forage. Flowers later than white clover. May persist 2-4 years in mixed
pastures and up to 5 years under favourable conditions. Performs best under
low stocking rates, long summer rotations, or hay production. Red clovers contain
phyto-oestrogens so should not be fed as a pure sward to breeding stock immediately
prior to and during mating. Highly preferred by deer.
Tetraploid types usually have larger leaves but their larger florets cause difficulty
with pollination, leading to poorer seed set and poor re-establishment. Spreading
types need lax grazing to allow development of daughter plants from horizontal
stems. Mix well with specialist herbs such as chicory. >>
Sub (or subterranean) clover is an annual legume, suited to dry summer conditions.
It has better winter growth than white clover and must be allowed to reseed
to persist. Sub clover is often mixed with white clover to sow in summer dry
hill country areas. >>